La ética relacional de seguridad cultural, derechos y deseo: reflexiones acerca de la realización de investigación con la participación de la comunidad en el caso de familias migrantes en Indonesia

Jessica Ball, Harriot Beazley

Resumen


Este artículo trata de un estudio exploratorio sobre el proceso decisorio, a la hora de registrar el nacimiento de hijos, de padres y madres indonesios involucrados en migración transnacional. La discusión se realiza en referencia al esfuerzo continuado de las autoras para aplicar una aproximación centrada en la ética relacional de seguridad cultural, derechos y deseo en investigaciones con participación de la comunidad. Los dilemas éticos hallados durante la investigación para la obtención del consentimiento informado y la realización de la investigación – debidos a jerarquías y protocolos sociales y las consideraciones socio-emocionales presentes en el campo – expusieron perspectivas limitadas, a menudo incompatibles, sobre el consentimiento, la privacidad y la protección por parte de los gatekeepers (‘guardianes’), entre investigaciones realizadas en contextos minoritarios y mayoritarios. El artículo considera las adaptaciones “en el momento” de los procedimientos planeados para la colección de datos. Estas adaptaciones se guiaron por la ética relacional con la intención de asegurar no solamente la colección de datos significativos, sino también consentimiento, autenticidad, seguridad socio-emocional y cultural, un legado de buenas relaciones con los líderes de las aldeas y resultados beneficiosos para los miembros de la comunidad.


Palabras clave


participación comunitaria; seguridad cultural; ética relacional; investigación basada en derechos; migrantes transnacionales

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14422/mig.i42.y2017.006

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